Thursday 31 May 2012

Liver Cancer, Description And Causes

The liver, the largest gland in the body, plays a key role in keeping us alive. Among its many functions include the storage of vitamins and nutrients, the synthesis of proteins essential for blood clotting and secretion of bile for digestion. It also contributes to the decomposition and filtration of toxins in the blood.

There are two types of liver cancer:

the primary cancer appears first in the liver and can spread to other organs. Hepatocellular carcinoma is primary liver cancer the most common;
metastatic liver cancer is a cancer that originated in another part of the body and then spread to the liver. Cancer cells from another organ can easily reach the liver through the blood stream, given the role of the liver filter. The first sites of these cancers are usually the colon, pancreas, stomach, breast or lung.
In general, liver cancer is diagnosed in people over 60 years. In Canada, the diagnosis of liver cancer is asked each year to about 1,800 people, and this condition affects more men than women.

Liver cancer Causes

The causes of liver cancer are still unknown, but some risk factors have been identified, including:
  • chronic hepatitis B or C;
  • liver cirrhosis;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • exposure to certain toxins, such as certain types of fungi (aflatoxin), vinyl chloride, anabolic steroids, and arsenic;
  • smoking.
  • Symptoms and Complications
Liver cancer can go undetected for a long time before signs of abnormalities occur. Most of the following symptoms result from damage to the liver :
  • ascites - an accumulation of fluid around the liver and intestines;
  • jaundice - yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes;
  • a fever;
  • fatigue;
  • weakness;
  • nausea;
  • abdominal pain;
  • loss of appetite;
  • weight loss;
  • of confusion;
  • back pain in the abdomen or around the right shoulder blade;
  • the presence of a hard mass in the chest;
  • dark urine;
  • gray stool;
  • internal bleeding.

Tuesday 8 May 2012

Travelling after sick

A rapid disease or perhaps injuries can easily damage weeks regarding organizing vacation yet will not indicate that you had to attend the particular unexpected emergency. Here’s steer clear of any clinic check out in your getaway.

You might have stored regarding weeks and also diligently designed any escape with a place of desires … before the unforeseen takes place. You'll find nothing a whole lot worse when compared to a abrupt disease or perhaps injury to damage a vacation designed for the tiniest depth. Many years in the past, my own 6 yr outdated girl found any jogging pneumonia although we all have been on christmas inside Barbados. We all put in 5 hrs in a unexpected emergency medical center to attend regarding my own girl using up together with temperature needs to be reviewed, that moves the particular blood vessels checks and also radiographs.

In the event the EMERGENY ROOM employees got attention regarding my own girl, My partner and i noticed by means of this kind of knowledge in which shelling out my own time in any medical center has been the past factor I desired regarding my children keep. Below are a few suggestions to steer clear of a great needless stop by at clinic, when you like a fantastic getaway.
Read more  To Avoid A Hospital Trip

Monday 16 April 2012

Types of brain tumors

Brain tumors can be divided into two types: benign and malignant. Benign brain tumors differs by slow growth and lack of metastases - secondary lesions resulting from the transfer of tumor cells from the affected area of ​​the body to other, healthy tissues. In structure the cells of benign tumors do not differ from normal cells, but as proof Neurosurgery in Israel, the rapid growth of tumor cells leads to an increase in the volume of the contents of the cranial cavity and, therefore, provokes high cranial pressure and other symptoms. The main danger of benign tumors - the danger of their transition into the category of malignant neoplasms. If a brain tumor located in the critical region of the brain, its development is a serious threat to the patient's life. Thus, treatment of brain cancer abroad aimed at the timely prevention of further tumor development.
Malignant brain tumors differ from benign plenty of rapidly dividing cells capable of metastasis to other organs, and their defeat. Oncology in Israel divides malignant tumors of the brain (brain cancer) in primary and metastatic. The primary, or as they are called, local, grow directly from the brain tissue, meninges, blood vessels and nerves. Metastatic tumors - those that are recorded in brain tissue with blood or lymph currents.Treatment, effectively combats both those, and others.
Neurosurgery and Oncology  called the following causes of cancer: radiation exposure, genetics (innate predisposition to the disease), chromosomal abnormalities, traumatic brain injury and several others.Thus, treatment of brain tumors may need a person of any age, any ethnicity and race.

Diagnosis of brain cancer

Treatment of brain cancer in Israel begins with a diagnosis of the disease.Since the early stages of the cancer cells have a small tumor size, cancer in Israel warns of the difficulties of diagnosis. At this point, intervention is required neurosurgery. Neurosurgery uses a wide range of diagnostic studies of the brain. Thus, the diagnosis of brain tumors abroad involves a complete neurological examination, CT, magnetic resonance and positron emission tomography, angiography, stereotactic biopsy, ventrikuloskopiyu, electroencephalography, lumbar puncture, nuclear magnetic resonance of the head.
Neurosurgery is based on years of experience in the treatment of brain tumors, highly qualified doctors use the latest equipment. Treatment of brain tumors in Israel takes place on the basis maloinvazimnyh techniques and in a fairly short period of time.

Treatment of brain cancer

Treatment of brain cancer suggests, mainly surgery - removal of the tumor. It also uses the method of radiotherapy, radiosurgery, the use of gamma knife. If a malignant tumor began to metastasize - to penetrate into other nearby tissue, the treatment of brain cancer abroad involves chemo-and radiotherapy. For removal of brain edema, reduce pressure and reduce the heat in the patient brain surgery in Israel applies the techniques of hyperthermia and immunotherapy, as well as corticosteroids - anti-inflammatory actions of steroid hormones.
Treatment of brain tumors in Israel depends on many factors: the size, type and location of the tumor, the patient's age and his health. Treatment abroad involves a course of therapeutic and diagnostic and remedial programs developed by a physician for each patient individually.


Pharyngitis. Acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. It may be caused by bacterial or viral
microorganisms. Localization can be superficial (mucosa only suffers throat - catarrhal form) and with a deep lesion of lymphoid tissue in the submucosal layer.
Pharyngitis Acute often associated with acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (influenza, respiratory catarrh, and various infectious diseases). An isolated lesion of the mucous membrane of the pharynx may be observed with the direct effects of irritants (smoking, alcohol, hot and cold food).
In the pharynx there is a rawness, a tickle, a little pain when swallowing (more pronounced if swallowed saliva, the so-called scratch the throat than the ingestion of food), and cough. If sore throat is different e cough - dry, throat, bronchial, prolonged, paroxysmal, night, coughing, choking, or in the form of coughing. The body temperature can be subfebrile. The general condition is usually suffers little. The mucosa of the pharynx, including the tonsils, red, swollen, with mucopurulent raids. Sometimes on the back of the throat appear as red grains separate follicles, swollen tongue. Young children (up to 2 years) disease is more severe and more often combined with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx and acute catarrhal rhinitis (runny nose). Disturbed nasal breathing.
Acute pharyngitis should be differentiated from catarrhal angina.
Treatment. Same as angina. In streptococcal infections prescribe antibiotics.
Chronic pharyngitis. There are atrophic, and hypertrophic forms of bluetongue. Develops after an acute sore throat as well, if not eliminate the long stimuli acting on the mucosa of the pharynx. Provoke disease common cold, tonsillitis, purulent inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, dental caries, metabolic disorders, diseases of the heart, lungs, kidneys, etc.
Chronic atrophic pharyngitis, usually combined with atrophy of the nasal mucosa (see atrophic coryza).
Characterized by dryness, tickling, scratching in the throat, dry cough, pain on swallowing, voice fatigue. The mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall is dry, thin, pale, shining as if covered with a thin layer of varnish, and often it is covered with mucus, dry up in the form of crusts. After treatment, the mucosa is not restored.
Pharyngitis chronic catarrhal and hypertrophic. feeling sore, soreness, a foreign body in the throat, moderate pain on swallowing, congestion in the throat of a large amount of viscous mucus secretions, especially in hypertrophic pharyngitis e, which is a constant need to cough and expectorant.Coughing is particularly strong in the morning, sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The mucosa of the pharynx thickened, red, viscous mucus in it, or mucopurulent secret act of individual follicles increased. Soft palate and uvula swollen and thickened. In hypertrophic form, these symptoms are more pronounced. The pharynx is often bright red in color, on the whole back of the scattered granules, which are increased in size limfadenoidnye elements. With infectious lesions observed response of the limfadenoidnyh elements in the submucosal layer of the posterior pharyngeal wall of palatine arches. Here you can see the bright red side bolsters with a festering blisters - follicles, the patient has sharp pains in the throat, especially when swallowing, fever.
Treatment. removal of all causes of disease. Remediation of the mouth and nose, nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses. When the temperature is prescribed antipyretic and analgesic. In atrophic pharyngitis e symptomatic treatment - anti-rinse solution, inhalation, lubrication solution Lugol, collargol, protargol, etc. iodinol, physiotherapy. In hypertrophic form is also recommended frequent rinses, inhalation, lubrication of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. The granules of lymphoid tissue sear a solution of silver nitrate, trichloroacetic acid, laser-irradiated or treated with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy).